Chapter 16 – Devaasur Sampad Vibhaag Yoga- The Yoga of Defining Divine and Demoniac Nature
In Chapter 16 Lord Krishna explains in detail the Divine properties as well as the signs of Demonic nature. He clearly demonstrates the conduct and actions which are righteous in nature and conducive to divinity. He also explains and delineates the evil propensities/ ill conduct which are unrighteous in nature; What determine the unrighteous and what are antagonistic to divinity. Thus this chapter is entitled as ‘The Divine and the Demoniac Natures Defined’.
- Section – 1 (Shloka 1-5)
- The Divine and demonical traits with their fruits
- Section 2 – (Shloka 6-20)
- Traits of men having demonical properties detailed
- Section – 3 (Shloka 21-24)
- Instructions to follow scriptures and renounce conduct opposed to them
16.1 Shree Bhagwan said “Absolute fearlessness, perfect purity of mind, constant fixity in yoga of meditation for the sake of Self-Realization, and even so charity in its Sattvika form, control of senses, worship of God and other deities as well as of one’s elders including the performance of Agnihotra ( pouring oblations into the sacred fire ) and other sacred duties, study and teaching of Vedas and other sacred books as well as the chanting of God’s names and praises, suffering hardships for the discharge of one’s sacred obligations and straightness of mind as well as of the body and senses”
abhayam satv-sanshudhir-gyaana-yoga-vyavastithih; daanam damashcha yagyashcha svadhyays-tapa aarjvam
16.2 Nonviolence in thought, word and deed, truthfulness and geniality of speech, absence of anger even on provocation, disclaiming doer ship in respect of actions, quietude or composure of mind, abstaining from malicious gossip, compassion towards all creatures, absence of attachment to the objects of senses even during their contact with the senses, mildness, a sense of shame in transgressing against the scriptures or usage, and abstaining from frivolous pursuits;
16.2 ahinsaa satyam krodhas-tyaagah shaantir-upaishunam; daya bhooteshvaloluptam maardvam hrira-achaaplam
16.3 Sublimity, forbearance, fortitude, external purity, bearing enmity to none and absence of self-esteem – these are the marks of him, who is born with the divine gifts, Arjuna.
16.3 tejah khshmaa dhriti shaucham-adroho naatimaanataa; bhavanti sampadam daiveem-abhijaataya bhaarata
16.4 Hypocrisy, arrogance and pride, and anger, sternness and ignorance too– these are the marks of him, who is born with demoniac properties.
16.4 dambho darpo-abhimaanashcha krodhah paarushyam aiv cha; agyaanam chabhijaatasya paartha sampad-aasurim
16.5 The divine gift has been recognized as conducive to liberation, and the demoniac to bondage. Grieve not, Arjuna, for you are born with the divine endowment.
16.5 daivee sampad-vimokhshaye nibandhaayaasuree mataa; maa shuchaa sampadam daiveem-abhijaatasya paandava
16.6 There are only two types of the men in the world, Arjuna, the one possessing a divine nature and the other possessing a demoniac disposition. Of these, the type possessing the divine nature has been dealt with at length; now hear from Me about the type possessing demoniac disposition.
16.6 dvau bhoosargau loke-asmin-daiv aasura aiv cha; daivo vistarshah prokta aasuram paaratha me shrinu
16.7 Men possessing a demoniac disposition know not what is right activity and what is right abstinence from activity. Hence they possess neither purity ( external or internal ) nor good conduct nor even truthfulness.
16.7 pravritam cha nivrittim cha janaa na viduraasuraa; na shaucham napi chaachaaro na satyam teshu vidyate
16.8 Men possessing a demoniac disposition say this world is without any foundation, absolutely unreal and godless, brought forth by mutual union of the male and female and hence conceived in lust; what else than this ?
16.8 asatyam apritashtham te jagadaahur-aneeshvaram; aparaspar-sambhootam kimanyat-kaamhetukam
16.9 Clinging to this false view these slow-witted men of a vile disposition and terrible deed, these enemies of mankind, prove equal only to the destruction of the universe.
16.9 aitaam drishtimavashatabhya nashaatmano-alpabudhayah; prabhvantiugra-karmaanah khyayaaya jagato-ahitaah
16.10 Cherishing insatiable desires and embracing false doctrines through ignorance, these men of impure conduct move in this world, full of hypocrisy, pride and ignorance.
16.10 kaamamaashritya dushpooram dambh-maan-madaanvitaa; mohaad-griheetvaa-asad-grahaan-pravartante-ashuchi-vrataah
16.11 Giving themselves up to innumerable cares ending only with death, they remain devoted to the enjoyment of sensuous pleasures and are positive in their belief that this is the highest limit of joy.
16.11 chintaam-aprimyaam cha pralyaantaam-upaashritaah; kamopabhogaparmaa aitaavaditi nishchitaah
16.12 Held in bondage by hundreds of ties of expectation and wholly giving themselves up to the lust and anger, they strive to amass by unfair means hoards of money and other objects for the enjoyment of sensuous pleasures.
16.12 aashaapaash-shatairbadhaah kaam-krodha-paraayanaah; eehante kaama-bhogaartham-anyaaen-artha-sanchyaan
16.13 They say to themselves, ” This much has been secured by Me today and now I shall realize this ambition. So much wealth is already with me and yet again this shall be mine.
16.13 idamadya mayaa labdham-imam praapasye manoratham; idamasteedamapi me bhavishyati punardhanam
16.14 That enemy has been slained by me and I shall kill those others too. I am the lord of all, the enjoyer of all power, I am endowed with all supernatural powers, and am mighty and happy.
16.14 asau mayaa hatah shatrur-hanishye chaapraanapi; eeshvaro-aham-aham bhogi siddhoham bavansukhi
16.15 I am wealthy and own a large family, who else is like unto me ? I will sacrifice to gods, will give alms, I will make merry.
16.15 adio-abhijanvaan-asmi ko-anyo-asti sadrisho mayaa; yakhshaye daasyaamee modishya itiyagyaanam-vimohitaa
16.16 Thus blinded by ignorance, enveloped in the mesh of delusion and addicted to the enjoyment of sensuous pleasures, their mind bewildered by numerous thoughts, these men of a devilish disposition fall into the foulest hell.
16.16 anek-chit-vibhraantaa moh-jaal-samaaavritaah; prasktaah kaam-bhogeshu patanti narke-ashuchau
16.17 Intoxicated by the wealth and honor, those self-conceited and haughty men worship God through nominal sacrifices for ostentation without following the sacred rituals.
16.17 aatma-sambhaavitaa stabhda dhan-maan-madaanvitaah; yajante naam-yagyaiste dambhen-avidhipurvakam
16.18 Given over to egotism, brute force, arrogance, lust and anger, etc. and calumniating others, they hate Me (the inner controller of all), dwelling in their own bodies as well as in those of others.
16.18 ahankaaram balam tarpam kaamam krodham cha sanshritaah; maamaatma-pardeheshu pradavishanto-abhyasuyakaah
16.19 These haters, sinful, cruel, and vilest among men, I cast again and again into demoniacal wombs in this world.
16.19 taanaham dvishtah kruran-sansaareshu naraadhamaan; khshipaamiajastaram-ashubhaan-aasureeshveva yonishu
16.20 Failing to reach Me, Arjuna, these stupid souls are born life after life in demoniac wombs and then verily sink down to a still lower plane.
16.20 aasureem yonim-aapanna mudhaa janmani janmani; maam-apraapyaiva kaunteya tato yaantiyadhamaam gatim
16.21 Desire, anger and greed– this triple gate of hell brings about the ruination of the soul. Therefore, one should avoid all these three.
16.21 trividham narkasyedam dvaram naashanam-aatmanah; kaamah krodhastathaa lobhas-tasmaad-aitat-treyam tyajet
16.22 Freed from these three gates of hell, man works his own salvation and thereby attains the supreme Goal, i.e., God.
16.22 etairvimaktah kaunteya tamo-dvaarais-tribhir-narah; aachaaryatyaatmana shre-astato yaai paraam gatim
16.23 Having cast aside the injunctions of scriptures, he who acts in an arbitrary way according to his sweet will neither attains perfection nor the supreme goal nor even happiness.
16.23 yah shastr-vidhim-utsarjya vartate kaamkaartah; na sa sidhimavaapnoti na sukhum na paraam gatim
16.24 Therefore, the scripture alone is your guide in determining what should be done and what should not be done. Knowing this, you ought to perform only such action as is ordained in the scriptures.
16.24 tasmaachchchastram pramaanam te karya-akaarya-vyvasthitau; gyaatva shaastra-vidhaanoktam karma kartumih-aarhasi
Thus in the Upanishad sung by the Lord, the Science of Brahma, the scripture of Yoga, the dialogue between Shree Krishna and Arjuna, ends the sixteenth chapter entitled ” The Yoga of Defining Divine and Demoniacal Nature”
om tat-sat-iti shree-mad-bhagwat-geetasupnishatsu
naam shodasho adhyayh ||16||