Must see before they vanish
Contribute towards their continued existence by staying away?
- Satpura Range, Madhya Pradesh (Central India)
What Makes It Special?
- The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. The range rises in eastern Gujarat state near the Arabian Sea coast, running east through the border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the east till Chhattisgarh. The range parallels the Vindhya Range to the north, and these two east-west ranges divide Indian Subcontinent into the Indo-Gangetic plain of northern India and the Deccan Plateau of the south. The rivers Narmada River, Tapti River and Godavari originates from here.
- The national parks, Hill Stations and animal reserves in the Satpura range attract hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. Pachmarhi is a beautiful hill station in the Satpura range. Satpura National Park is home to tiger, leopard, sambar, chital, Bhedki, nilgai, four-horned antelope, chinkara, bison (gour), wild boar, wild dog, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, Indian giant squirrel, etc. There are a variety of birds. Hornbills and peafowl are common birds found here. The flora consists of mainly sal, teak, tendu, Phyllanthus emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses and medicinal plants.
- There is also Kanha National Park nearby which is a Tiger Reserve. The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha and Indian wild dog. The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel “Jungle Book “
- Bori Wildlife Sanctuary,is a located in Madhya Pradesh.Bori Wildlife Sanctuary includes India’s oldest forest preserve, the Bori Reserve Forest, established in 1865 along the Tewa River. The sanctuary, together with Satpura National Park and the Pachmarhi Sanctuary, forms the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.
- Bandhavgarh National Park has a large biodiversity. The density of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is one of the highest known in India. The park has a large breeding population of Leopards, and various species of deer.
The Looming Danger
- Slowly the forest cover is diminishing and so is the biodiversity of the region. The vast undulating wooded areas of this reason are being chopped to make place for infrastructure and dam projects.
The Potential Loss
- Most of the Satpura range was once heavily forested; but the area has been subject to gradual deforestation in recent decades, although significant stands of forests remain.
- These forest enclaves provide habitat to several at risk and endangered species, including the Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris), gaur (Bos gaurus), dhole (Cuon alpinus), sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), chousingha (Tetracerus quadricornis), and blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra).
- Several protected areas have been earmarked in the area, including the Kanha, Pench, Gugamal and Satpura National Parks, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, Melghat Tiger Reserve and the Bori Reserve Forest.
- Wildlife Santuaries of India – Kanha National Park (raxacollective.wordpress.com)
- Madhya Pradesh Tour Packages (triptocentralindia26.wordpress.com)
- National Parks in india (govacationholiday.wordpress.com)
- Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – Bandhavgarh National Park (raxacollective.wordpress.com)
- Musings on India and Tigers (suzanneyork.wordpress.com)
- From Guest Blogger Jessica: Notes on Ecotourism (2greenenergy.com)